Samarkand is one of the ancient cities in the world, contemporary of Rome, Athens, Babylon – stepped over its 2500 years anniversary. “The Radiate Point of Globe”, “The Jewel of Islam”, “The Mirror of the World” was named it in the East from the earliest times.
The boundless gardens are seen already at the entry to the city. The history of their creation became a thing of the past. Amir Timur in XIV century ordered to create a green belt around the capital of his empire.
The architectural-organized gardens with plantations of fruit and decorative trees, flower gardens, irrigation system and pools were magnificent and splendid. “A traveler who approaches the city sees only a mountainous height of trees and the houses embowered among them remain invisible” wrote Spanish envoy Ruy Gonzales de Clavijo who visited Samarkand in 1404. “Bogi Zagon”, “Bogi Shamol”, “Bogi Maidon”, “Bogi Baland”, “Bogi Dilkush”: – all names of gardens are kept till nowadays. And at present time Samarkand is one of the greenest cites of Uzbekistan. Amir Timur made his great contribution into the formation of state system, progress of science and culture.
Start your tour visiting Gur Emir building – a mausoleum of Amir Temur. From a distance Gur Emir looks like a blue tulip, folded tightly its turquoise petals. The remains of great sovereign, his two sons and two grandsons, one of them is a prominent scientist and thinker of the East – Mirzo Ulugbek are rested on here.
Next in turn is the legendary Registan square which by right is the main architectural sight in whole Central Asia. Since ancient time this square was trade and public center of Samarkand. The proud mass of three madrassahs of Ulug Bek, Shir Dor, Tillya Kari dominate here. Ulugbek as his grandfather paid a great attention to monumental building and during his rule the ensemble of magnificent buildings was completed.
While admiring the elegance of precious mosaics of Ulugbek madrassah, the ribbed turquoise cupolas and majestic minarets of Shir Dor, the golden paintings of pattern walls of Tillya Kari, do not keep your emotions in – the echo responds to your exalted exclamations as a voice from old time: “I am Registan, the heart of Samarkand…”
The outstanding monument of ancient architecture is a lofty congregational Bibi Khanum Mosque. By the way, at parking place near the mosque you can see a donkey with cart next to a fashionable car, on which farmers from nearby villages bring sweet melons and watermelons for magnificent Samarkand Bazaar.
Nowadays, a special program offered to guests of ancient city – is an acquaintance with local folk crafts, applied arts. Wares of Samarkand masters were famous all over the world since olden days. Along the branches of Great Silk Road unsurpassed beautiful fabrics – crimson velvet, brocade, silk, carpets, goods of metal and leather, jewelry, famous Samarkand paper and other goods were delivered from here to various countries. Marvelous wares of Samarkand masters one can here today- do walk along the famous Tashkent street with handicraft shops and trade rows, watch skilled craftsmen creating their wonderful works before your eyes.
To touch more extreme antiquity go to the ancient site of Afrosiab. The guides will tell you about city originated 500 years BC about underground palace, designed by precious Sogdian frescos…
Leaving the city, according to tradition, take the best in the world Samarkand round bread. They come useful during your travel along Great Silk Road.